Flamenco is not just music but it is, above all, music. Flamenco music is an original and genuine language of extraordinary richness and complexity. MUSICAL THEORY OF FLAMENCO analyzes this language through the detailed musical study of the elements that compose it: form, rhythm, melody and harmony. It is a technical-musical treatise that uses the classic analysis, coding and notation tools normally applied in the study of other music. Useful to flamenco musicians to better understand the music they play; to the interpreters and composers of other types of music to approach flamenco music; and to the students of the musical education centers as a textbook.